“There are a number of religious denominations that have embraced and taught the doctrine of nonresistance for centuries, but it takes an occasional awakening, caused by persecution, to reveal whether we really believe what we say we do. There is a possibility of keeping truth in cold storage instead of having it on fire. It is one thing to subscribe to the confession of faith of our particular denomination; it is quite another thing to live up to its standards.”
—E.J. Swalm, twentieth-century Brethren in Christ minister and bishop, in his book Nonresistance Under Test (1944). During World War I, Swalm — a conscientious objector — was imprisoned by the Canadian government for refusing to submit to the draft requirements.